2 August marks 77 years since the tragic mass murder of 4 200 Romani people at Auschwitz
Monday, 2 August marks 77 years since the tragic night of 2 August 1944 and the early morning hours of 3 August 1944 when the Nazis murdered the prisoners of what they called the "Gypsy Famliy Camp" at Auschwitz-Birkenau. According to the most recent historical research into these events, as many as 4 200 Romani people were murdered in the gas chambers of the concentration camp despite their active resistance.
Annually 2 August is therefore commemorated by Romani people all over Europe as Roma Holocaust Memorial Day. In 2011, the Polish national legislature declared 2 August the Remembrance Day of the Extermination of the Roma and Sinti.
In 2014 the European Parliament declared 2 August to be the European Roma Holocaust Memorial Day. The Nazis had attempted to annihilate the Romani prisoners in the "Gypsy Family Camp" at Auschwitz before 2 August, but were initially prevented from doing so by their resistance.
On the assumption that the uprising happened 16 May 1944, that day is usually called Romani Resistance Day, but the most recent study mentioned above says the resistance happened even earlier, at the beginning of April that year. A study published by the Auschwitz Memorial and Museum states that Romani prisoners also actively defended themselves in August 1944.
"Thanks to new research, we know today that the passive resistance by the Romani prisoners in the camp at Birkenaur happened not on 16 May, but at the beginning of April 1944. Active resistance was posed during the mass murder of all prisoners in that sector in August, when more than 4 200 Romani people were murdered," the study says.
During the 17 months that the "Gypsy Family Camp" existed (from February 1943 to July 1944), as many as 23 000 children, men and women were imprisoned there. Approximately 21 000 Romani and Sinti prisoners, both male and female, were murdered in the camp itself.
Other Romani prisoners were murdered in concentration camps in Bełżec, Chełmno, Majdanek, Sobibór and Treblinka. Other Romani prisoners were shot dead and buried in mass graves in the forest - their numbers are difficult to estimate.
The extermination policy of Nazi Germany is estimated to have caused the deaths of as many as half a million Romani and Sinti people from all over Europe. Some estimates say the number was as high as 800 000 victims, which would have been anywhere between one-fourth to one-half of the interwar population of Roma.
- Traditional commemorative ceremony dedicated to the Romani victims of Nazism will be held on Sunday, 1 August at Lety u Písku, Czech Republic
- Romani activists called on Czech mayors to fly the Romani flag for 2 August, some of their refusals were textbook racism
- Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, Secretary General issue statements honoring 2 August
- European Romani Holocaust Memorial Day marks the murder of more than 4 200 Roma and Sinti by the Nazis on 2-3 August 1944, a death they resisted
- Evening commemoration of European Roma Holocaust Memorial Day 2 August in Czech capital - Leperiben: We Do Not Forget
- Roma Holocaust Memorial Day marks the Nazi murder of Roma and Sinti at Auschwitz on 2-3 August 1944
- Leaders of Czech Parliament: Society must not ignore aggression. Museum of Romani Culture director commemorated the Holocaust and its Romani victims with them in the Senate
- For most people in the Czech Republic the Holocaust is not just history, survey shows
- Museum of Romani Culture director speaking today at Czech Senate and Václav Havel Library, Holocaust Memorial Day also commemorated at Czech Foreign Ministry
- Czech Culture Minister to inform Govt today about new Memorial of Silence organization combating antisemitism, extremism and xenophobia
- It took the Nazis 90 minutes to approve the "Final Solution", but after the war almost none could remember the Wannsee Conference
- Czech court convicts CEO and publisher of Holocaust denial, fines both, appeals may be filed
- Europe's biggest WWII resistance action began 80 years ago today: The assassination of Nazi official Reinhard Heydrich
- DNA samples of Romani people taken to ascertain their ethnic origin were handled unethically and the data was misused
- Romani people have faced discrimination and exclusion since Czechoslovakia first became a state
- Czech activists plant memorial lindens and oaks at places of importance in the life of Romani partisan Josef Serinek
- "How I Became a Partisan": Vera Lacková's documentary about Romani partisans screened at Czech film festival
- Czech anti-totalitarianism festival Mene Tekel features exhibit about the architecture competition for the Lety Memorial to the Holocaust