LIVE BROADCAST from the Auschwitz Memorial: Commemoration of Roma Holocaust Memorial Day on 2 August, the day the Nazis murdered as many as 4,300 Romani men and women
Tuesday, 2 August marks 78 years from the tragic night in 1944 when the Nazis murdered those imprisoned in what was called the "Gypsy Family Camp" at Auschwitz-Birkenau. In the gas chambers of the concentration camp, despite active resistance, they murdered as many as 4,300 Romani people into the early morning hours of 3 August, according to the most recent studies.
Annually on 2 August Romani people from all over Europe mark this day as Roma Holocaust Memorial Day. This year's remembrance will take place as is traditional directly at the site of the Auschwitz Concentration Camp.
In Prague, these Holocaust victims will be commemorated on Náměstí Míru at 19:00, when an event called Leperiben: My nezapomínáme (We Will Never Forget) takes place. The commemoration will take the form of a play based on the testimonies of eyewitness survivors, performances of Romani music, and reading the names of the victims aloud.
The Polish Parliament established 2 August as that country's official Annihilation of the Roma and Sinti Memorial Day in 2011. In 2015, the European Parliament recognized 2 August as the European Memorial Day of the Holocaust of the Sinti and Roma.
The memorial day did not have to fall on 2 August in particular, as the Nazis had attempted to annihilate those imprisoned in what was called the "Gypsy Camp" at Auschwitz even before then, but were prevented from doing so when the imprisoned Roma rebelled. It was first assumed that the uprising happened on 16 May 1944, which is also usually called Roma Resistance Day, but the latest study mentioned above reports it happened at the beginning of April that year.
Moreover, that most recent study published by the Auschwitz Memorial and Museum states that the imprisoned Roma actively defended themselves in August 1944 as well. "Thanks to new research, today we know that passive resistance in the camp for Roma in Birkenau happened not on 16 May, but at the beginning of April 1944. Active resistance happened during the destruction of that sector in August, when more than 4,200 Romani people were murdered," the study says.
During the 17 months of the existence of what was called the "Gypsy Family Camp" (February 1943 to July 1944) as many as 23,000 children, men and women were imprisoned there. Approximately 21,000 Roma and Sinti prisoners died in the camp.
Other imprisoned Roma were murdered in the concentration camps of Bełżec, Chełmno, Majdanka, Sobibór and Treblinka. Still others, the number of whom it is difficult to estimate, were shot to death and buried in mass graves in the forest.
The extermination policy of Nazi Germany led to the deaths of an estimated half a million Roma and Sinti from all over Europe. Some estimates put the number as high as 800,000 victims, or anywhere between one-quarter and one-half of the prewar population of Roma.
- 2 August marks 77 years since the tragic mass murder of 4 200 Romani people at Auschwitz
- Traditional commemorative ceremony dedicated to the Romani victims of Nazism will be held on Sunday, 1 August at Lety u Písku, Czech Republic
- Czech ceremony commemorating Romani prisoners sent to Auschwitz on 20 August attended by more than 150 people
- Commemorative ceremony at Hodonín memorial in Czech Republic 20 August honors Romani and Sinti victims of the Holocaust
- Romani activists called on Czech mayors to fly the Romani flag for 2 August, some of their refusals were textbook racism
- Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, Secretary General issue statements honoring 2 August
- European Romani Holocaust Memorial Day marks the murder of more than 4 200 Roma and Sinti by the Nazis on 2-3 August 1944, a death they resisted
- Evening commemoration of European Roma Holocaust Memorial Day 2 August in Czech capital - Leperiben: We Do Not Forget
- Roma Holocaust Memorial Day marks the Nazi murder of Roma and Sinti at Auschwitz on 2-3 August 1944
- "Journey to the Past" will mark Roma Genocide Remembrance Day at Auschwitz this August
- European Roma and Travellers Forum calls for moment of silence, noon, 2 August, International Remembrance Day of the Pharrajimos
- Czech Republic: Religious service against hatred in Prague 3 August
- Czech presses release new book by the late Olga Fečová, "Never Enough Time in the Day: Memoir of a proud Romani woman"
- OSCE: The genocide of the Roma must be included in curricula at school, youth must learn about the dangers of ideologies that are racist
- LIVE BROADCAST from Prague: "Leperiben. My nezapomínáme."- "We Will Never Forget." - Commemoration of the Holocaust and its Romani victims
- Lada Viková: Paťiv le Romenge, save has marde le holokaustoha - Honor to the Holocaust victims of Romani origin
- President of Slovakia Zuzana Čaputová posts in Romanes for Roma Holocaust Memorial Day: Te e historija na avel pale kampel te achaľol, so hin ňenavisť
- Czech politicians commemorate Roma Holocaust Memorial Day - chair of the Pirates says racism has not disappeared and we must work on securing Roma their place in society
- Municipality of Prague 8 flies Romani flag to mark Roma Holocaust Memorial Day
- Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights Dunja Mijatović on the occasion of Roma Holocaust Memorial Day: We must ensure the protection of the human rights of Romani people
- Czech court upholds fine for nursery school employee whose company published the so-called "Bible" of Holocaust deniers in Czech translation
- Czech capital sees workshop on Romani history with academics from all over the world
- Remembering the Auschwitz Roma Uprising - Roma Resistance Day
- Poland: Refugees from Ukraine join March of the Living event at the memorial for the former Nazi death factory at Auschwitz