Jana Balážová: Romani people need role models, and those grow up in the schools
The common education of all children together and the inclusion of children with disadvantages into normal schools is one of the main topics of political discussion today in the Czech Republic. Politicians and teachers are pointing out that the Czech schools are unprepared for this concept.
The Department of Education at Masaryk University in Brno is responding to inclusion with a new method for educating teachers to prepare them for these new conditions. What about those who are the object of inclusion, though?
Jana Balážová is a graduate of Masaryk University who has experience with inclusion from many different areas. As a Romani woman who attended a primary school on Křenová Street in Brno as a child, she was one of those perceived as disadvantaged by the education system of the time.
Balážová knows what it feels like to be a victim of prejudice. To this day she remembers the scenes during which the non-Romani parents of her friends prohibited them from playing with her as a child.
From today's perspective, there was no reason for those parents to have done that other than that she was Romani. Balážová went on to graduate from a secondary school with a business focus and then from university with a Bachelor's degree in social pedagogy.
For a while she worked as a teaching assistant, but for the last 14 years (with a break for maternity leave) she has been working as a field social worker for the nonprofit organization IQ Roma servis. "Ever since I was young my parents were enormous role models for me. Dad only had a fourth-grade education, both of my parents came from families with nine children, but despite that they worked their entire lives and wanted their children to achieve more than they had, to be educated. They wanted us to speak Czech well, so they didn't speak Romani to us at home, and later Dad regretted that," recalls Balážová, who sees the source of her parents' motivation mainly in the fact that they met a diverse range of people during their own work lives.
A more difficult, but more promising, path
Balážová applies her life philosophy both to her clients and to her own children, who are also proud to be Romani. At the same time, however, she is very well aware how difficult it is to transform such motivation into success in real life.
Her job description is to provide support to people in adverse circumstances. Each day she aids low-income people with their life problems.
The main problems are where such people will live or how they will pay off their debts. "These people unfortunately have absolutely different problems to solve than where to enroll their children in school, or whether their children have everything they need to bring to school. They take the easiest route, enrolling them into the segregated schools, because they usually live near those schools, the entire family attends them, and the teachers there are used to Romani people and their mentality," Balážová says.
Even though she understands this, she does not believe it is a good solution. "I know of several primary schools like that from which the children graduate with excellent grades and then have a problem keeping up during the first year of secondary school," she says.
Balážová intentionally chose to enroll her own children into a non-segregated school. Just like her own father and mother, she wants her children to get a good education.
When parents like Balážová make decisions about their children's fates in this way, it involves many questions. Some of those questions are ones that non-Romani people never have to ask themselves.
Will the Romani child be able to handle the school environment? Will he or she get along with his or her classmates? How will the teachers behave toward the Romani child? When one adds the experience that some schools reject Romani children outright, it's not a good feeling.
"We were lucky, they took us. Many times, however, I said to myself that it would be far easier to choose something less demanding for my children. My work day ends late, and it's exhausting to immediately throw myself into homework with the children," she sighs, noting that her daughter recently was out of school for a couple of weeks because of an injury and still hasn't caught up.
The energetic woman, however, immediately responds to her own doubts: "I know this is better, though. Children, especially our [Romani] children, need role models, and those only grow up in the schools. I am always terribly pleased whenever I go somewhere like a hospital, for example, and see a Romani nurse there. We need more people like that here."
Balážová understands the concerns of school principals who are defensive about inclusion. Once such an administrator has more disadvantaged children attending a school, other parents have a tendency to perceive it as a sign that the quality of instruction is declining and enroll their children elsewhere.
There is no easy solution for preventing such outcomes. Balážová advises creating more opportunities for parents to see how instruction functions in reality and also employing more disabled teachers in order to bring a bit more comprehension of such issues into instruction.
First published in Czech in Muni, the monthly of Masaryk University. Original available at: https://www.online.muni.cz/udalosti/7852-romove-potrebuji-vzory-a-ty-vyrostou-ve-skolach?utm_source=fb_muni&utm_medium=link&utm_campaign=facebook under CC BY 3.0 CZ, licensing conditions available at
- Czech Republic: Record numbers of parents seek after-school tutoring for their children from Museum of Romani Culture
- Council of Europe demands proof of changed practice in the Czech schools when it comes to Roma discrimination
- Czech Republic: Canadian education expert says only an inclusive school is a really good school
- Czech expert says child welfare authorities should address discrimination in the schools
- Analysis: Apartheid and segregation are being applied to Romani schoolchildren in the Czech Republic
- Czech Constitutional Court receives motion to abolish inclusion in amendment to Schools Act
- Editorial: Czech Senator publishes untruths in defense of segregated school
- Czech prosecutor said Amnesty International report about discrimination of Roma in schools was "pseudo-research"
- Drahomír Radek Horváth: Romani children in the Czech Republic end up in "special schools" but thrive abroad. Why?
- Editorial: Czech media claim inspection found "no discrimination" at Krásná Lípa school - lack of professionalism or intentional manipulation?
- Czech expert says Krásná Lípa school committed segregation and probably discrimination as well
- Czech foundation says tabloid is bolstering media hysteria about school reforms
- Karel Holomek: Our children, Czech and Romani, need to go to school together now more than ever
- Czech Public Defender of Rights issues recommendations for primary school enrollments
- Some Czech schools institute online reservations for first-grade enrollment
- Czech Republic: Roma Spirit award goes to director of primary school that includes Roma and to Romea.cz co-founder
- US Ambassador to Czech Republic gives Alice Garrigue Masaryk Award to director of primary school that includes Roma
- Brooke Pavek, an American with Romani roots, has more than 700 000 social media followers
- Czech court gives suspended sentence to attacker who threatened to kill Romani women and their children with an ax
- Radek Bangas new book alleges he was abused as a child, his twin brother remembers things differently
- Slovak public broadcasting continuing children's television program in Romanes and Slovak
- Czech court orders director of housing corporation to apologize to Romani community member for abusive remarks
- EU Fundamental Rights Agency and OSCE say governments must deliver aid to Roma affected by COVID-19 pandemic
- Jarmila Balážová: What does the stormy debate in the Czech Republic about the TV series featuring Romani performers show us?
- Vojtěch Lavička: Czech TV show featuring Romani guys in drag is low "humor" of the fifth-rate category
- Czech ecumenical service sends wishes of good fortune and good health to Romani people on their day
- Zeljko Jovanovic: The New Roma Politics of Self-Determination and Unity
- Czech parliamentary committee overwhelmingly supports bill to compensate forcibly sterilized women
- Czech census official tells ROMEA TV all identifying information will be removed from census forms to guarantee anonymity