Roma Holocaust Memorial Day marks the Nazi murder of Roma and Sinti at Auschwitz on 2-3 August 1944
On 2 and 3 August 1944 the Nazis murdered 2 898 Roma and Sinti in the gas chambers of the concentration and extermination camp of Auschwitz-Birkenau. Roma and Sinti all over Europe, therefore, commemorate 2 August as Roma Holocaust Memorial Day.
Roma and Sinti were also murdered during the operation of other concentration camps, primarily Bełżec, Chełmno, Majdanka, Sobibór and Treblinka. Other Roma and Sinti whose numbers it is difficult to estimate were also shot and buried in mass graves in forests.
The Nazis first attempted to murder all the prisoners of the so-called "Gypsy Camp" at Auschwitz on 16 May 1944. A rebellion by the Romani prisoners prevented them from doing so.
"The prisoners refused to come out, they barricaded the doors and desperately prepared to defend themselves with rocks and work tools," historian Michal Schuster informed news server Romea.cz. "The SS were startled by this refusal to obey and their commander decided to postpone the action."
For that reason, the date of 16 May 1944 has entered history as the Day of Romani Resistance. Nazi Germany's annihilation policy eventually murdered at least an estimated half a million Roma and Sinti from all over Europe, with the upper estimate being 800 000 Romani and Sinti victims, or anywhere between one-quarter to one-half of the prewar population of Roma and Sinti.
- Czech Parliament marks International Holocaust Memorial Day with Romani speaker
- Czech Culture Minister's statement on Roma Holocaust Memorial Day
- EU Commissioners on Roma Holocaust Memorial Day: Too many Roma are victims of hate crime in Europe
- Czech Roma to mark International Roma Holocaust Remembrance Day at Auschwitz memorial
- Europe marks Roma Holocaust Memorial Day from Georgia to Ireland
- European Parliament proposes official Romani Holocaust Memorial Day
- Czech Republic: Sparse attendance at Romani Holocaust Memorial Day
- Civil society members of the Czech Govt Council on Roma Minority Affairs differ on whether Human Rights Commissioner should remain in office
- Czech Republic's Museum of Romani Culture announces competition to design the memorial at the site of the former concentration camp for Romani people at Lety
- On the 50th anniversary of Czechoslovakia's short-lived Union of Gypsies-Roma, community members recall its hopes
- Slovak President: The Holocaust of the Roma cannot be forgotten, especially when hatred is becoming a political tool once more
- ROMEA TV LIVE from Roma Holocaust Memorial Day events at Auschwitz Memorial
- US Holocaust Museum offers unique opportunity in Prague to relatives of those persecuted on Protectorate territory
- Interview: Patriotism is not the same as hating those who are different
- Petra Gelbart: Auschwitz Museum says recent research finds the Romani prisoners' uprising was not on 16 May 1944
- VIDEO: Commemorative ceremony at the former Lety concentration camp attended by 200 people
- International Romani Union expresses solidarity and sorrow over the fire at Notre Dame cathedral
- Rom vs. "Gypsy"
- Lety after the Romani genocide, Part Two: Survivors erect a cross, protests against pig farm ignored